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We gratefully acknowledge financial support from the following agencies and organizations:

State Committee of Science of Armenia, Armenia; The Australian Research Council, Astronomy Australia Ltd, The University of Adelaide, Australian National University, Monash University, The University of New South Wales, The University of Sydney, Western Sydney University, Australia; Federal Ministry of Education, Science and Research, and Innsbruck University, Austria; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientı́fico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (FAPERJ), Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP), Fundação de Apoio à Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação do Paraná – Fundação Araucária, Ministry of Science, Technology, Innovations and Communications (MCTIC), and Instituto Serrapilheira, Brasil; Ministry of Education and Science, National RI Roadmap Project DO1-153/28.08.2018, Bulgaria; The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada and the Canadian Space Agency, Canada; ANID PIA / APOYO AFB230003, ANID-Chile Basal grant FB 210003, Núcleo Milenio TITANs (NCN19-058), FONDECYT-Chile grants 1201582, 1210131, 1230345, and 1240904; Croatian Science Foundation, Rudjer Boskovic Institute, University of Osijek, University of Rijeka, University of Split, Faculty of Electrical Engineering, Mechanical Engineering and Naval Architecture, University of Zagreb, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computing, Croatia; Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports, MEYS LM2018105, LM2023047, EU/MEYS CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16 013/0001403, CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/18 046/0016007, CZ.02.1.01/0.0/0.0/16 019/0000754 and CZ.02.01.01/00/22 008/0004632, Czech Republic; Academy of Finland (grant nr. 317636, 320045, 317383 and 320085), Finland; Ministry of Higher Education and Research, CNRS-INSU and CNRS-IN2P3, CEA-Irfu, ANR, Regional Council Ile de France, Labex ENIGMASS, OCEVU, OSUG2020 and P2IO, France; The German Ministry for Education and Research (BMBF), the Max Planck Society, the German Research Foundation (DFG, with Collaborative Research Centres 876 & 1491), and the Helmholtz Association, Germany; Department of Atomic Energy, Department of Science and Technology, India; Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF), Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare (INFN), MIUR, Istituto Nazionale di Astrofisica (INAF-OABRERA) Grant Fondazione Cariplo/Regione Lombardia ID 2014-1980/RST ERC, Italy; ICRR, University of Tokyo, JSPS, MEXT, Japan; Netherlands Research School for Astronomy (NOVA), Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO), Netherlands; University of Oslo, Norway; Ministry of Science and Higher Education, DIR/WK/2017/12, the National Centre for Research and Development and the National Science Centre, UMO-2016/22/M/ST9/00583, Poland; Slovenian Research Agency, grants P1-0031, P1-0385, I0-0033, J1-9146, J1-1700, N1-0111, and the Young Researcher program, Slovenia; South African Department of Science and Innovation and National Research Foundation through the South African Gamma-Ray Astronomy Programme, South Africa; The Spanish groups acknowledge funds from ”ERDF A way of making Europe” and the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation and the Spanish Research State Agency (AEI) via MCIN/AEI/10.13039/501100011033 through government budget lines PGE2021/28.06.000X.411.01, PGE2022/28.06.000X.411.01, PGE2022/28.06.000X.711.04, and grants PID2022-137810NB-C22, PID2022-136828NB-C42, PID2022-139117NB-C42, PID2022-139117NB-C41, PID2022-136828NB-C41, PID2022-138172NB-C43, PID2022-138172NB-C42, PID2022-139117NB-C44, PID2021-124581OB-I00, PID2021-125331NB-I00, PID2019-104114RB-C31, PID2019-107847RB-C44, PID2019-104114RB-C32, PID2019-105510GB-C31, PID2019-104114RB-C33, PID2019-107847RB-C41, PID2019-107847RB-C43, PID2019-107847RB-C42; the ”Centro de Excelencia Severo Ochoa” program through grants no. CEX2019-000920-S, CEX2020-001007-S, CEX2021-001131-S; the ”Unidad de Excelencia María de Maeztu” program through grants no. CEX2019-000918-M, CEX2020-001058-M; the ”Ramón y Cajal” program through grants RYC2021-032552-I, RYC2021-032991-I, RYC2020-028639-I and RYC-2017-22665; and the ”Juan de la Cierva” program through grants no. IJC2019-040315-I and JDC2022-049705-I. La Caixa Banking Foundation is also acknowledged, grant no. LCF/BQ/PI21/11830030. They also acknowledge the project ”Tecnologías avanzadas para la exploración del universo y sus componentes” (PR47/21 TAU), funded by Comunidad de Madrid regional government. Funds were also granted by the Junta de Andalucía regional government under the ”Plan Complementario de I+D+I” (Ref. AST22 00001) and ”Plan Andaluz de Investigación, Desarrollo e Innovación” (Ref. FQM-322); by the ”Programa Operativo de Crecimiento Inteligente” FEDER 2014-2020 (Ref. ESFRI-2017-IAC-12) and Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation, 15% co-financed by ”Consejería de Economía, Industria, Comercio y Conocimiento” of the Gobierno de Canarias regional government. The Generalitat de Catalunya regional government is also gratefully acknowledged via its ”CERCA” program and grants 2021SGR00426 and 2021SGR00679. Spanish groups were also kindly supported by European Union funds via the ”Horizon 2020” program, grant no. GA:824064, and NextGenerationEU, grants no. PRTR-C17.I1, CT19/23-INVM-109, and ”María Zambrano” program, BDNS: 572725. This research used computing and storage resources provided by the Port d’Informació Científica (PIC) data center; Swedish Research Council, Royal Physiographic Society of Lund, Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, The Swedish National Infrastructure for Computing (SNIC) at Lunarc (Lund), Sweden; State Secretariat for Education, Research and Innovation (SERI) and Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF), Switzerland; Durham University, Leverhulme Trust, Liverpool University, University of Leicester, University of Oxford, Royal Society, Science and Technology Facilities Council, UK; U.S. National Science Foundation, U.S. Department of Energy, Argonne National Laboratory, Barnard College, University of California, University of Chicago, Columbia University, Georgia Institute of Technology, Institute for Nuclear and Particle Astrophysics (INPAC-MRPI program), Iowa State University, the Smithsonian Institution, V.V.D. is funded by NSF grant AST-1911061, Washington University McDonnell Center for the Space Sciences, The University of Wisconsin and the Wisconsin Alumni Research Foundation, USA.

The research leading to these results has received funding from the European Union’s Seventh Framework Programme (FP7/2007-2013) under grant agreements No 262053 and No 317446. This project is receiving funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programs under agreement No 676134.